Chef career descriptions
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1. The chef is the person in charge of the kitchen. In
large establishments this person has the title of executive chef.
The executive chef is a manager who is responsible for all aspects
of food production, including menu planning, purchasing, costing,
and planning work schedules.
2. The sous chef (soo schef) is directly in charge of production.
Because the executive chef's responsibilities require spending
a great deal of time in the office, the sous chef takes command
of the actual production and the minute-by-minute supervision of
Both the sous chef and executive chef have had many years of experience in
all stations of the kitchen.
3. The station chefs or chefs de partie are in charge of
particular areas of production. The following are the most important
a) The sauce chef or saucier (so-see-ay)
prepares sauces, stews, and hot hors d'oeuvres, and sautés
foods to order. This is usually the highest position of all the
b) The fish cook or poissonier (pwah-so-nyay) prepares
fish dishes. (This station may be handled by the saucier in some
c) The vegetable cook or entremetier (awn-truh-met-yay)
prepares vegetables, soups, starches, and eggs. Large kitchens
may divide these duties among the vegetable cook, the fry cook,
and the soup cook.
d) The roast cook or rotisseur (ro-tee-sur) prepares roasted
and braised meats and their gravies and broils meats and other
items to order. A large kitchen may have a separate broiler cook
or grillardin (gree-ar-dan) to handle the broiled items. The broiler
cook may also prepare deep-fried meats and fish.
e) The pantry chef or garde manger (gard-mawn-zhay)
is responsible for cold foods, including salads and dressings,
cold hors d'oeuvres, and buffet items.
f) The pastry chef or patissier (pa-tees-syay) prepares
pastries and desserts.
g) The relief cook, swing cook, or tournant (toor-nawn)
replaces other station heads.